Strelitzia reginae - (Bird of paradise)
International name: Strelitzia reginae
Family name: Strelitziaceae
(South) Africa: Kraanvoëlblom
English: Strelitzia / Crane flower / Bird of paradise
Espanol: Ave del Paraíso
Finnis: Kolibrikukka / Helokolibrinkukka
Nederlands: Paradijsvogelbloem / Vogelkopbloem
Portugues: Estrelícia / Ave do paraíso
Strelitzia reginae is native to South Africabut naturalized in Mexico, Belize, Bangladesh, Madeira Islands and Juan Fernández Islands off the coast of Chile.
Strelitzia reginae is growing well in any area that is sunny and warm. Need to be sheltered from frost, as it can damage the flowers and leaves. Strelitzia reginae is fairly tolerant of soil conditions and needs little water once established.
Strelitzia reginae grows from 1 to 2 m (6.6 ft) tall
The flowers stand above the foliage at the tips of long stalks. If cared for well, they will flower several times in a year. The flowers, which emerge one at a time from the spathe, consist of three orange sepals and three purplish-blue or white petals.
The fruit is a leathery capsule containing numerous small seeds, each with an orange aril.
Strelitzia reginae is slow-growing and will not bloom until three to five years have passed since germination.
25 - 70 cm (9.8 - 27.6 in) long
10 - 30 cm (3.9 - 11.8 in) broad
Produced on petioles up
to 1 m (39 in) long
The leaves are evergreen and arranged in two ranks, making a fan-shaped crown.
Strelitzia reginae requires little pruning. Cutting away faded blooms and flower stalks.
Strelitzia reginae plants have an OPALS (Ogren Plant Allergy Scale) allergy scale rating of 1, very low potential to cause allergies. They produce no airborne pollen.
Strelitzia reginae is very popular as an ornamental plant. It was first introduced to Europe in 1773, when it was grown at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Since then, it has been widely introduced around the world, including the Americas and Australia.
In the United States, Florida and California are the main areas of cultivation, due to their warm climate. It is a common ornamental plant in Southern California, and has been chosen as the Official Flower of the City of Los Angeles.
- Herbarium Werdler
- Fauna - Flora